Despite the clamor that utility computing is in the here and the now
from vendors like IBM, HP and Sun Microsystems, the evidence just doesn’t
support those claims, according to new research from The 451 Group.
Some customers like the notion of drawing computing resources as if they are
water or electricity.
Some are actively seeking providers that can give them pay-as-you-go models
that supply capacity, plus the application for a single price, but they face
myriad challenges when it comes to utility computing.
For example, there are no true set standards to ensure security, user
resistance, management and billing, software licensing and performance.
There is also a lack vendors and products to choose from, and too little
developer and support expertise.
These are some of the reasons The 451 Group “believes that utility computing
is a developing concept.”
“But it is not yet a market – although it certainly is being marketed,”
wrote The 451 analyst William Fellows, alluding to the pronounced marketing
efforts of the big IT vendors.
What IT vendors and customers have been doing is taking baby steps to
‘utility’ models, engaging in tasks and technologies for server
consolidation, virtualization, metering and charge-back options.
Vendors such as IBM, HP and Sun have also proven to have capable grid
computing technologies, a key ingredient for successful utility computing
models. Grid computing involves letting several machines work on one major
computational task at once, usually with virtualization or resource
But systems administrators also prefer their grid software to be automated
and self-managing so they can focus their attention elsewhere. IBM, HP and
Sun all offer such computing capabilities on the fly.
Sun may be best known for its grid model of offering
capacity a licensing plan of $1 per hour per CPU.
“Nearly all IT vendors are driving some notion of utility computing with
grid technology under the hood, and they are hoping that initial deployments
for grids and utility models within organizations will lead to wider
enterprise use,” Fellows said in the report.
“But at this point, adoption is minimal. Utility computing is not just
around the corner, despite what vendors may suggest. Processing cycles and
data access are not as fungible as electricity, and despite all the hype, it
will take a lot of time and effort to turn everything into a service.”
Service enabling their businesses is the route that many customers seem
inclined to take. It’s just a matter of time before they get there, the
“When grids have been in use for some time, the conversation is increasingly
rooted in the ability to better and more quickly respond to customer and
internal requirements, address strategic business opportunities, do new
things and improve time to market,” said Fellows.