Once you determine your organization’s needs and level of maturity, a rollout plan must be developed for establishing the PMO. While there is no preset order for executing against this plan, here are some suggestions on how to best implement a PMO into your organization.
The First 3 Steps
Step One: Implement the PMO staff and determine reporting structure.
The PMO is the CIO’s “eyes and ears,” it is the body that the CIO relies upon to make sure the organization is addressing the right needs and that budget is being applied towards initiatives that will sustain and grow the business. If project management is relegated to a lower-level in the management hierarchy, the PMO won’t have the authority to enforce best practices, gain the respect of practitioners, and ultimately, it won’t achieve the potential impact of a well-positioned PMO.
The three offices within the PMO have specific roles. For instance, the project management office should include a process mentor to promote and foster best practices. This individual will provide mentoring and training, as well as review deliverables and manage the overall infrastructure. This person also plays a key governance role by spot-checking deliverables and ensuring guidelines are being followed. Project managers typically report directly to the PMO.
A key resource in the portfolio management office is the business relationship manager (BRM), whose responsibilities include brokering communications between IT and the organization. The portfolio management office typically reports to the CIO and CFO, but it is still important to maintain a relationship with the project management office because the constituent projects in each portfolio will be managed there.
The program manager is tasked with understanding the dependencies between key tactics and milestones within the various projects that comprise a program. This individual is therefore responsible for realizing the collective benefit of the program, which cannot be done if the projects are managed separately.
Step Two: Develop a simple repository or “library” of PMO materials.
The next step is to develop a simple repository or “library” of PMO materials (e.g., project plan templates, project charter templates and workflow diagrams). This library will eventually become the “process encyclopedia” for the organization.
Specific library items to consider for each type of office include:
Step Three: Select technology to automate and enforce your PMO processes.
Step three involves selecting the appropriate technology to automate and enforce your PMO processes from project request and resource planning through delivery. This technology should be equipped to support a variety of features, such as idea management and project initiation.
For instance, when someone has an idea for a new project, that individual will be prompted to enter the idea into a solution which can then automate a workflow to ensure that all the right steps occur before that project gets funded. This is an important process to any IT governance initiative. Other features to request in a PPM solution include portfolio management, planning and balancing, electronic timekeeping, project-level IT cost tracking, and project “health” dashboards and status reports.
Execute Rollout Plan
Once the rollout plan is in place and stakeholder agreement has been secured, it is time to execute. One key execution strategy is to show value within a relatively short period of time (usually about 90 days). This strategy will solidify the PMO’s position as a “trusted advisor” to the CIO and executive management team. Early ROI will also ensure that the PMO gets the resources it needs to fully execute the rollout plan and it will attract early adopters who can be showcased as process leaders.